What is Metallurgical and Materials Engineering?

The scope of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering is very wide and covers production, shaping, treatment and characterization of materials and their behavior during use. The materials of concern to Metallurgical and Materials Engineering is almost limitless and range from materials like steels used in bridges, buildings, automobiles etc. to high-strength light-weight materials used in aerospace industries, from materials like kitchen-ware to glass, silicon chips, artificial tissues, implants, nanowires, nanotubes etc. The production, shaping and treating of these materials involve different mechanical, chemical, electrochemical and thermal processes. The basic principles and operating parameters of these processes constitute the subject of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. Properties of materials depend on their internal structures. Relationship between properties and internal structures of materials and how these can be changed are also within the scope of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. Behavior of materials while in use and their recycling after use are also studied in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. All branches of engineering use materials and an engineering design is mostly limited by the properties of the materials used. The properties of materials needed in engineering designs have resulted in developments of new and high performance materials while development of new and better materials have changed engineering designs. As a consequence of this, Metallurgical and Materials Engineers are needed in all branches of engineering using materials.